Th destructive chemical reactions (catabolism) of glycolysis and the Krebs cycle pe orm many functions. They constitute a metabolic pool. This pool supplies materials for synthesis (anabolism) of many important cellular components. Therefore, the balance between catabolism and anabolism is maintained. It maintains homeostasis in the cell and in the whole animal.
For example, glycolysis and the Krebs cycles are open systems. An open system has a two-way flow of materials into and out of it:
(a) Various compounds enter the pathways • at different points Thus carbohydrates, fats, and proteins can all be oxidized.
(b) At the same time, some of the intermediates of these pathways can be withdrawn. They are used in synthesis reactions.
Thus, the products of glycolysis and the Krebs cycle form a metabolic pool. The materials can be added or withdrawn from this pool according to the need of the body.
DEFINITIONS AND KEY POINTS
|Electron transport chain •||The collection of molecules embedded in the inner
membrane of the mitochondrion is called electron
|Krebs cycle||Krebs cycle is a series of reactions in which the pyruvate from glycolysis is oxidized to CO2.|
|Thermodynamics||The study of energy is called thermodynamics.|
|kilocalorie||A kilocalorie (Kcal) is the amount of heat necessary to raise 1 kg of water 1° C and is equal to 1,000 calories.|
- DEFINITIONS AND KEY POINTS
- DEFINITIONS AND KEY POINTS FOR Respiration
- MODEL SUBJECTIVE QUESTION
- AEROBIC RESPIRATION: THE MAJOR SOURCE OF ATP
- OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION