Elongation

TRANSLATION

The synthesis of protein at the ribosomes form mRNA is called translation. Role of tRNA in Translation Transfer RNA (tRNA) plays an important role in translation. It reads codes on the mRNA and brings different amino acids. Thus a polypeptide chain is formed. The

TRANSCRIPTION

The synthesis of messenger RNA from DNA is called transcription. The genetic information in DNA is not translated directly into proteins. These information are first transcribed into mRNA. Many enzymes are involved in the process of transcription. These enzymes perform following functions: They unwind