OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS OF ANIMAL BEHAVIOR

Multiple Choice Questions MCQs

Four options are given at the end of each statement. You should encircle one option from them.

  1. Some behavior patterns appear only after a specific developmental
    stage or time. This stage or time is called:

(a) Imprinting               • (b) maturation       . (c) Learning                  (d) Instinct

  1. The inherited behavior is called instincts:

(a) Imprinting               (b) Learning                 (c) maturation             (d) Instinct

  1. The change of behavior by life experiences is called:

(a) Instinct                   (b) maturation             (c) Learning                 (d) Imprinting

  1. The decrease in response to repeated or continuous stimulation is
    called:

(a) Instinct                           maturation           (C) habituation            (d) Imprinting

  1. The uses cognitive or mental processes to associate experiences and
    solve problems are called:

(a) Instinct                   (b) maturation             (c) habituation             (d) insight

  1. The behavior in which one animal is aggressive or attacks another animal, the other responds by returning the aggression or submitting is called:

(a) agnostic                 (b) Territory                 (c) Hierarchy               (d) Altruism

  1. The organization of group of animals in such a way that some
    members of the group have greater access to resources like food or mates than others is called:

(a) agnostic                 (b) Territory                 (c) Hierarchy               (d) Altruism

  1. The site defend by territorial animal by agonistic behavior is:

(a) Hierarchy               (b) Altruism                 (c) agnostic                 (d) Territory

  1. The interaction in which an individual gives up or sacrifices some of its own reproductive potential to benefit another individual is called:

(a) agnostic                 (b) Territory                 (c) Hierarchy               (d) Altruism

Ans:

1. (b) 2. (d) 3. (c) 4. (c) 5. (d) 6. (a) 7. (c) 8. (d) 9. (d)

Fill in the blanks

  1. The activities animals perform during their lifetime are called animal 
    1.  
    2.  
    3.  
    4.  
    5.  
    6.  
    7.  
    8. 11 12.
    9.  
    he application of human characteristics to anything not human is called
      Some behavior patterns appear only after a specific developmental stage or

    me. This stage or time is called ____________

    he attachment of a young animal toward another animal or object is called

       
      he decrease in response to repeated or continuous stimulation is called
       
    he_____________ and error learning is called instrumental conditioning.

    he uses cognitive or mental processes to associate experiences and solve

    Problems are called _______________ learning.

    he nervous system regulates the control of______________ behavior in rhesus
    monkeys.

    Some of that hormone crosses over and affect the developing female fetus.

    It produces a______________

    The transfer of information from one animal to another is called

    Chemicals that are synthesized by one organism and that affect the behavior of another member of the same species are called

     

    13. The animal’s choice of a place to live is called _______________ selection.
    14.  The site defend by territorial animal by agnostic behavior is called_______________of the animal.
    15.   The interaction in which an individual gives up or sacrifices some of its own reproductive potential to benefit another individual is called __________________.

ANS:

1.    Behavior         2.   Sociobiology        3.  anthropomorphism    4.   maturation     5. imprinting    6. habituation    7. trial      8. insight    9. aggressive    10. freemartin     11.  communication     12.  pheromones    13. habitat    14.   territory    15. altruism

Short Questions

          1.      Define behaviur

: The activities animals perform during their lifetime are called animal behavior.

  1. What is comparative psychology?

Ans: Comparative psychologists studies of the genetic, neural and hormonal bases of animal behavior. The psychologists performed experiments in laboratory and field. These experiments help to understand animal learning and development of behavior.

What is social biology?

Ans: The study of the evolution of social behavior is called sociobiology. combines many aspects of ethology and behavioral ecology Socio biologists emphasize the importance of natural selection


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  1. What are proximate causes?

Ans: More immediate ecological and physiological causes of behavior are called proximate causes. It includes eating to satisfy hunger.

  1. What are Ultimate causes?

Ans: It is another level of causation in behavior. It occurs on the evolutionary time scale. For example, a display attracts a mate. It also increases that chance of passing genetic information to the next generation.

  1. Differentiate between instincts and learning.

Ans: The inherited behavior is called instincts. The change of behavior by life experiences is called learning.

  1. What is imprinting?

Ans: The attachment of a young animal toward another animal or object if. called imprinting.

  1. What is habituation?

Ans: The decrease in response to repeated or continuous stimulation is called habituation.

  1. Differentiate between insight and latent learning.

Ans: The uses cognitive or mental processes to associate experiences and solve problems are called insight learning. Making associations without immediate reinforcement or reward is called latent learning.

  1. Give disadvantages of visual signals.

Ans: Sometimes various objects in the environment block the line of sight Therefore, it is difficult to see these signals from a long distance. Similarly, the signals are not effective at night. These signals can be detected by predators.

  1. Give two advantages of social grouping.

Ans: There is a major benefit of belonging to a group. It gives protection against predators. There is safety in numbers. Several group members warn each other about an intruder. Cooperative hunting and capturing of prey increase the feeding efficiency of predators.

  1. What is agnostic behavior?

Ans: The behavior in which one animal is aggressive or attacks another animal. the other responds by returning the aggression or submitting is called agnostic behavior.

  1. What are dominance hierarchies?

Ans: The organization of group of animals in such a way that some members of the group have greater access to resources like food or mates than others is called dominance hierarchies.

12> Animal Behaviour _________ 245 its
  1. Define altruism.

Ans:     The interaction in which an individual gives up or sacrifices some of

own reproductive potential to benefit another individual is called altruism.

True/ False –                 (For Punjab University only)

Marks are True or False statement. Give correct statement if false Statements

  1. The activities animals perform during their lifetime are called animal
    behavior.
  2. The study of animal behavior on the basis of evolution and the natural
    environment is called entomology.
  3. The study of the evolution of social behavior is called sociobiology.
  4. The application of human characteristics to anything not human is called
  5. .
  6. The attachment of a young animal toward another animal or object is called
    habituation.
  7. The animal’s choice of a place to live is called habitat selection.

Ans:

Statement T/F Correct Statement  
The activities animals perform during their lifetime are called animal behaviour. T  
The study of animal behavior on the . basis of evolution and the natural environment is called entomology, F The study of animal behavior

on the I     sis of evolution and
the natui al environment is called ethology.

The study of the evolution of social behavior is called sociobiology. T  
The application of human

characteristics to anything not human is called anthropomorphism.

T  
The attachment of a young animal toward another animal or object is called habitation, F The attachment of a young animal toward another animal or object is called imprinting.
6 ‘ The animal’s choice of a place to live is called habitat selection. T  

 

 

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