Nucleus contains most of the genes that control the cell. It is the most conspicuous organelle in the Eukaryota cell. Its average diameter is about 5. It performs two major functions:


I. The information of DNA of nucleus is transcribed into RNA. This RNA is used in the synthesis of proteins by translation. These proteins in the tOrm of enzymes and other proteins determine the specific activities of the cells.

2. The nucleus store genetic information and transfer them during



cell division form one cell to the other. They also transfer the characters from one generation to the other.


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