Chenopodiaceae Vegetables – characters , importance & pattern

Chenopodiaceae vegetables

Diagnostic characters

  1. Habit: perennial herbs; very rare shrubs, or tree. Most of Is; plants are halophytes (salt tolerant). They have xerophytic chaa-teristics. They grow on saline soil.
  2. Roots: Most fibrous tap root except beat which has tuberous root.
  3. Stem: Herbaceous; Cylindrical; dense covering of hairs on stem.
  4. Leaves: Their leaves are fleshy; alternate; simple; exstipulate; often scale like; some are completely leafless.
  5. Inflorescence: Dense cymose clusters with uniparous Or biparous or both. These clusters are arranged on panicles or spike.
  6. Flower: Pedic i Irate; ebracteate; actinomorphic; regular;
    incomplete; hermaphrodite (rarely unisexual); hypogynous;
  7. Perianth: 3 perianth leaves
  8. Stamens: 5 stamens or variable; free; opposite to perianth
  9. Carpel: Bicarpellary, syncarpous with unilocular superior ovary; basal placentation.
  10. Fruits: Indehiscent nut. Often enclose by persistant perianth.
  11. Seed: Endospermic or non-endospermic.

Floral formula and floral

Anti Sidra19 July 11

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Economic Importance


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  1.  Vegetables: This family gives some very important vegetables. Their leaves and stems are succulents and used as green vegetables. Some of these are: spinach. Chenopodium albu and garden beet.
  2. Source of cane sugar: Sugar beet is source of sugar. About 1/3 sugar of the world is extracted from sugar beet.
  3. Fodder: Chenopodiaceae has great value as fodder. None of its member is poisonous. Some of fodders are Salsola. Artiplex.
  4. Reclamation of alkaline soil: Most members of this family are halophytes. They easily grow on alkaline soil and absorb salts from its.
  5. Washing soda. The ashes of Soisaia and Sucteda yields washing soda.
  6. Ornamental plants: Some plants of this family are grown for ornamental purpose. Some of these are Kochia stroparia and Kochia trichophylla.
  7. Weeds: Some plants of this family are dangerous weeds. Saluda. Chenopodium are some important weeds in our country.
  8. Medicinal uses: Some members of this family give different medicinal products. Oil of Chenopodium is used against hook worm.

Distribution pattern

This family consists of 102 genera and 1400 species. It has worldwide distribution. Its members are abundantly found in sea shore and marshy places.

Common species

  1. Bela valgaris: (Sugar beet)
  2. Chentpodium album
  3. Spinacea oleracea (Spinach )
  4. Spinacea glabra (Summer spinach)

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