Brassicacae / cruciperae (Mustard family) Diagnostic characters

CRUCIFERAE (Mustard family) Diagnostic characters

  1. Habit: Annual, biennial or perennial herbs
  2. Roots: Tap root (fibrous or tuberous)
  3. Stem: I lerbaceous. cs indrical.
  4. Leaves: Petiolate. alternate, simple, exstipulate, reticulate venation, leaves are generally covered by simple or branched hairs.
  5. Inflorescence: Simple racemose. it becomes corymbose raceme
  6. Flower: . Pedicil late. ebracteate. act i nomorph ic. regular.
    complete, hermaphrodite. hypogynous.
  7. Calyx: 4 sepals, free. dimerous (placed in two whorls) green
  8. Corolla: 4 petals, free arranged in single whorl occupying the diagonal position and form characteristics cruciform form.
  9. Stamens: 6 stamens, free. tetradynamous (two lateral stamens are smaller but four median stamens are larger) basifixed, nectaries are present at the base of stamens.
  10. Carpel: 2 carpels, fused to form compound ovary: synearpous. placentation parietal, ovary unilocular but become hilocular due to formation of false septum.
  11. Fruits: Siliqua or silicula.
  12. Seed: Non-endosperm i c.

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Economic importance

  1.    I. Vegetables: The roots, leaves and fruits and inflorescence of many plants of this family are used as vegetable. Example: radish, turnip, cabbage. catilillokver etc.
  2. Extraction of oil: Vegetable oils are extracted from many members of this family like mustard howeu Eruct.


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  3. Used as condiments: Some plants are used as condiments like Breathy negroBrussicu alba

  4. Medicinal plants: Sonic plants are used in medicines like Simnbrium Aria, Lepidiwn salient;; etc.
  5. Ornamental plants: Some plants are used as ornamental plants like cherianthus cheiri(wall flower) iberis imara (candytuft)

  6. Fodder: Leaves of Brassica species are used as fodder. Oil cake is obtained by crushing the seeds. it is given to cattle as fodder.

  7.  Weeds: Some plants like coonopis and burcatuunri act as weed.

Distribution pattern

It is a large family. It includes about 200 genera and 2000 species. They are mostly found in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Some species are also found in tropical areas.

Important Species

  1.  Brassier: can:pest:is (Mustard
  2. Brassica napas (Turnip)

  3. Brassica oleracea (Cabbage)

  4. Rap hanus scrims (Radish)

  5. lberis arnara (Candytuft

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