CRUCIFERAE (Mustard family) Diagnostic characters
- Habit: Annual, biennial or perennial herbs
- Roots: Tap root (fibrous or tuberous)
- Stem: I lerbaceous. cs indrical.
- Leaves: Petiolate. alternate, simple, exstipulate, reticulate venation, leaves are generally covered by simple or branched hairs.
- Inflorescence: Simple racemose. it becomes corymbose raceme
- Flower: . Pedicil late. ebracteate. act i nomorph ic. regular.
complete, hermaphrodite. hypogynous.
- Calyx: 4 sepals, free. dimerous (placed in two whorls) green
- Corolla: 4 petals, free arranged in single whorl occupying the diagonal position and form characteristics cruciform form.
- Stamens: 6 stamens, free. tetradynamous (two lateral stamens are smaller but four median stamens are larger) basifixed, nectaries are present at the base of stamens.
- Carpel: 2 carpels, fused to form compound ovary: synearpous. placentation parietal, ovary unilocular but become hilocular due to formation of false septum.
- Fruits: Siliqua or silicula.
- Seed: Non-endosperm i c.
- I. Vegetables: The roots, leaves and fruits and inflorescence of many plants of this family are used as vegetable. Example: radish, turnip, cabbage. catilillokver etc.
Extraction of oil: Vegetable oils are extracted from many members of this family like mustard howeu Eruct.
Used as condiments: Some plants are used as condiments like Breathy negroBrussicu alba
- Medicinal plants: Sonic plants are used in medicines like Simnbrium Aria, Lepidiwn salient;; etc.
Ornamental plants: Some plants are used as ornamental plants like cherianthus cheiri(wall flower) iberis imara (candytuft)
Fodder: Leaves of Brassica species are used as fodder. Oil cake is obtained by crushing the seeds. it is given to cattle as fodder.
- Weeds: Some plants like coonopis and burcatuunri act as weed.
It is a large family. It includes about 200 genera and 2000 species. They are mostly found in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Some species are also found in tropical areas.
- Brassier: can:pest:is (Mustard
Brassica napas (Turnip)
Brassica oleracea (Cabbage)
Rap hanus scrims (Radish)
lberis arnara (Candytuft