DEFINITIONS AND KEY POINTS OF ANIMAL BEHAVIOR

 

TERMS                   I                                DEFINITIONS
Behavior The activities animals perform during their lifetime are called animal behavior.
Ethology The study of animal behavior on the basis of evolution and the natural environment is called ethology.
Sociobiology The study of the evolution of social behavior is called sociobiology
Proximate causes More immediate ecological and physiological causes of behavior are called proximate causes. It includes eating to

satisfy hunger       .

Anthropomorphism The application of human characteristics to anything not human is called anthropomorphism.
Maturation Some – behavior    patterns    appear only      after   a    specific

developmental stage or time. This stage or time is called maturation. –

Instincts The inherited behavior is called instincts.
Learning The change of behavior by life experiences is called learning.
Habituation The decrease in response to repeated or continuous stimulation is called habituation.
Classical conditioning Pairing of an      irrelevant stimulus with a natural primary

stimulus that produces an automatic response is called classical conditioning.

instrumental conditioning The     trial    and     error    learning    is     called     instrumental

 

 

Insight Learning The uses cognitive or mental processes to associate


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experiences      and    solve     problems    •are   called     insight
learning.

Foraging behavior The process of locating food resources is called foraging behavior.
Group An aggregation of animals for some simple purpose like feeding, drinking, or mating is called group.
Animal Society A stable group of individuals of the same species that

maintains     a   cooperative     social    relationship      is    called
animal society.

Agnostic behavior The behavior in which one animal is aggressive or attacks

another animal,       the  other    responds     by   returning     the
aggression or submitting is called agnostic behavior.

Dominance hierarchies The organization of group of animals in such a way that some members of the group have greater access to

resources    like    food    or   mates   than     others   is    called
dominance hierarchies.

Territory The site defend by territorial animal by agnostic behavior is called territory of the animal.
Altruism The     interaction     in   which    an     individual    gives     up   or

sacrifices some of its own reproductive potential to benefit another individual is called altruism.

 

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